It is rich in greenery with a great deal of cultivation, it has the highest relief of the
Archipelago, the Mountains Fossa delle Felci (962 metres) and dei Porri (859 metres)
are side by side.
The first colonizers of the old Greece, called this island with the name of
Didyme, for the characteristic appearance of the two twin mountains rising high on the sea.
Salina is the main producer of capers and of the famous Aeolian wine "malvasia".
Capers are a symbol of the Aeolian islands, but only on Salina there are extensive crops.
The Aeolian wine Malvasia is produced mainly in Malfa di Salina.
In the island of Salina, on tha Monte dei Porri and Fossa delle Felci a wildlife reserve has
been established and this has contributed to the maintenance of a biological balance which
renders this island desirable for tourists without disfiguring the natural environment.
Of particular interest is the salted lake of Punta Lingua, where once there was a salt mine
and the name of the island comes from there; Pollara a main tourist attraction and place
of the little house used by Troisi for the film "Il Postino" (The Postman).
Salina is the only island of the arcipelago which in the year 1867 evaded
the administrative dependance of Lipari, becoming an independent municipality.
In the year 1909 a royal decree created three independent municipalities:
S. Marina Salina, Malfa and Leni.
Beside the above mentioned villages we can find houses here and there with
built-up areas in Rinella, Capo Faro, Pollara, Lingua and Valdichiesa.